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On this day: September 23

Today’s birthdays

Julio Iglesias, singer, 77

Bruce Springsteen (pictured), singer/songwriter, 71

Nicholas Witchell, journalist, 67

Cherie Blair (Cherie Booth QC), barrister, 66

Karl Pilkington, TV presenter, 48

Trinidad James, American rapper, 33

Kairi Sane, Japanese wrestler, 32

It happened today…

480 BC: The Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Salamis to halt their advance into Europe.

1846: The German astronomer Johann Galle and his assistant Heinrich d’Arrest discovered Neptune.

1848: Chewing-gum was first commercially produced by John Curtis on a stove in his home in Bangor, Maine, and sold as State Of Maine Pure Spruce Gum.

1889: Wilkie Collins, English novelist and pioneer of detective fiction (The Woman In White, The Moonstone), died in London.

1912: The first Keystone Cops film was released in America by Mack Sennett, called Cohen Collects A Debt.

1939: Sigmund Freud (pictured), Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis, died in Hampstead, aged 83.

1964: The first performance of Fiddler On The Roof took place in New York with Zero Mostel singing If I Were A Rich Man.

1973: Juan Peron was re-elected president of Argentina after being ousted almost 18 years earlier.

1974: The BBC Ceefax teletext service began, the world’s first.

2019: Berry Gordy, 90, the Motown mogul who launched the careers of numerous stars including Stevie Wonder, Diana Ross and Michael Jackson, announced his retirement

Quote of the day

‘All of this is incredibly tough and six months on it only gets tougher. Though it doesn’t feel like this now, this pandemic will pass. It won’t last forever and one day, hopefully soon, we will be looking back on it, not living through it’ — Scotland’s first minister Nicola Sturgeon (pictured)

Thought for the day

‘Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence’ — Greek philosopher​ Aristotle