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On this day: October 9

Today’s birthdays

Sir Donald McCullin, photojournalist, 85

The Duke of Kent, 85

Brian Blessed, actor, 84

John Pilger, investigative journalist and film-maker, 81

Sharon Osbourne, TV personality and entertainment manager, 68

Steve Ovett, former athlete, 65

Steve McQueen, film director and video artist, 58

David Cameron, former prime minister/leader of the Conservative Party, 54

James Dreyfus, actor, 52

PJ Harvey, rock singer, 51

Sean Lennon, singer, 45

Mark Viduka, former footballer, 45

Nicky Byrne, Westlife singer, 42

Chris O’Dowd, actor, 41

Jess Phillips, Labour MP, 39

Bella Hadid, model (pictured), 24

It happened today…

1701: Yale College in the United States received its charter

1804: Hobart, Tasmania, was founded

1888: The 555ft white marble Washington Monument, designed by Robert Mills, was opened

1905: Sarah Bernhardt had the accident which was to blight her career. Playing Floria in Tosca, she had to jump from a parapet. Stagehands forgot the mattresses for her to land on, and she fell heavily on her right knee. Her leg was later amputated

1940: Beatle John Lennon (pictured, centre) was born during an air raid in Liverpool

1962: Uganda became independent

1967: Revolutionary leader Che Guevara was captured in Bolivia and shot

1974: German businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving 1,200 Jews from the Holocaust, died at the age of 66

1990: Hundreds of Chinese people queued to buy Big Macs when McDonald’s opened its first restaurant in Shenzhen

2009: US president Barack Obama (pictured) won the Nobel Peace Prize ‘for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples’

2019: A humpback whale which swam into the Thames was hit by a ship, the Zoological Society of London said

Quote of the day

‘These are grave times for the environment, but I do believe with human ingenuity, and I do believe with younger generations speaking up like they are now, that they will not stand for this lack of hope, with this lack of idea that we can’t fix some of these big solutions’ — The Duke of Cambridge (pictured) warns that the world’s future is at a ‘tipping point’ as he launches his ambitious £50million Earthshot Prize

Thought for the day

‘Out of clutter, find simplicity. From discord, find harmony. In the middle of the difficulty lies opportunity’ — Theoretical physicist Albert Einstein