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On this day: November 22

Today’s birthdays

John Bird, actor and satirist, 83

Scarlett Johansson (pictured), Lost In Translation actress, 35

Terry Gilliam, animator/film-maker, 79

Tom Conti, actor, 78

Billie-Jean King, former tennis player, 76

Mads Mikkelsen, Casino Royale actor, 54

Mark Ruffalo, Avengers actor, 52

Jamie Lee Curtis, actress, 61

Boris Becker, former tennis player, 52

It happened today…

1428: Richard Nevill, Earl of Warwick, so-called Kingmaker who was the power behind the throne during the Wars Of The Roses, was born. He died at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.

1497: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route to India.

1718: Edward Teach, English pirate who sailed under the name of Blackbeard, was killed off the coast of North Carolina, US.

1808: Thomas Cook, who pioneered the holiday package tour, was born in Derbyshire.

1819: Mary Ann Evans, who took the pseudonym George Eliot and wrote The Mill On The Floss, was born in Arbury, Warwickshire.

1830: Container transport was introduced by Pickfords, the carriers, in an agreement with the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company.

1913: Composer Benjamin Britten was born in Lowestoft, Suffolk.

1946: The first ballpoint pen went on sale, invented by Hungarian Laszlo Biro.

1963: John F Kennedy (above), president of the United States, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, during the run-up to the 1964 presidential campaign.

Quote of the day

‘Back in the day, they tried to pretend that C-3PO was a real robot and that was a little difficult to live with. Now it’s perfectly normal to say, “Basically I was puppeteering”‘ — Star Wars actor Anthony Daniels (pictured) reveals he is delighted actors ‘inside the suits’ of robot and alien characters are finally getting credit in films

Thought for the day

‘Act the way you’d like to be and soon you’ll be the way you act’ — Musician Leonard Cohen