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On this day: August 14

Today’s birthdays

Frederic Raphael, novelist, 89

David Crosby, rock singer, 79

Steve Martin, comedian and actor, 75

Danielle Steel, writer, 73

Gillian Taylforth, actress, 65

Marcia Gay Harden, actress, 61

Sarah Brightman, singer, 60

Halle Berry (pictured), actress, 54

Darren Clarke, golfer, 52

Adrian Lester, actor, 52

Paddy McGuinness, comedian and actor, 47

Mila Kunis, actress, 37

Nick Grimshaw, TV and radio presenter, 36

James Buckley, comedian and actor, 33

It happened today…

1867: John Galsworthy, English author, was born in Kingston Hill, Surrey. When his Forsyte Saga was dramatised on BBC TV on Sunday nights in the 1960s, clergymen had to change the times of evening services to get a congregation

1880: Cologne Cathedral was completed, having been started in 1248

1893: The world’s first car registration plates were introduced in France

1908: The first international beauty contest in Britain was held at the Pier Hippodrome in Folkestone

1945: Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. VJ Day was officially celebrated on the following day, August 15

1948: Don Bradman played his last innings at The Oval. After a standing ovation, he was bowled for a duck — blinded, it is said, by tears in his eyes

1967: The Marine Broadcasting Act came into force after midnight, outlawing pop pirate radio stations broadcasting within British territorial waters

1969: British troops were deployed in Northern Ireland to restore order

1975: The Rocky Horror Picture Show (pictured), the longest-running release in film history, opened at the USA Theatre in Westwood, Los Angeles, California

1979: The longest lasting rainbow on record shone over North Wales from the coast of Gwynedd to Clwyd, remaining for more than three hours

2010: Summer Youth Olympic Games, the first ever Youth Olympics, officially started in Singapore

2013: Egypt declared a state of emergency after security forces killed hundreds of demonstrators supporting the former president Mohamed Morsi

2019: Facebook became the latest technology firm to admit listening to and analysing some audio recordings from users

Quote of the day

‘When I was doing my GCSEs, I wasn’t even sure I wanted to go to university. No one else in my family has been’ — Chloe Dudley (pictured), who has been awarded straight As in economics, art and psychology, securing her a place to study psychology at Oxford’s Corpus Christi College

Thought for the day

‘Nothing is impossible. The word itself says, “I’m possible”’ — Actress and humanitarian Audrey Hepburn​