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On this day: August 13

Today’s birthdays

Frederic Raphael, novelist, 88

David Crosby, rock singer, 78

Steve Martin, comedian/actor, 74

Danielle Steel, writer, 72

Gillian Taylforth, actress, 64

Marcia Gay Harden, actress, 60

Sarah Brightman, singer, 59

Halle Berry (pictured), actress, 53

Darren Clarke, golfer, 51

It happened today…

1880: Cologne Cathedral (above) was completed, having been started in 1248.

1893:The world’s first car registration plates were introduced in France.

1908:The first international beauty contest in Britain was held at the Pier Hippodrome in Folkestone.

1945:Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.VJ Daywas officially celebrated on the following day, August 15.

1948: Don Bradmanplayed his last innings at The Oval. After a standing ovation, he was bowled for a duck and blinded, it is said, by tears in his eyes.

1967: The Marine Broadcasting Act came into force after midnight, outlawing pop pirate radio stations broadcasting within British territorial waters.

1969: British troops were deployed in Northern Ireland to restore order.

1975: The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opened at the USA Theatre in Westwood, Los Angeles, California.

1979: The longest lasting rainbow on record shone over North Wales from the coast of Gwynedd to Clwyd, remaining for more than three hours.

2010:Summer Youth Olympic Games— the first ever Youth Olympics, officially started in Singapore.

2013:Egypt declared a state of emergency after security forces killed hundreds of demonstrators supporting the former president Mohamed Morsi.

Quote of the day

‘Who has confidence in Boris Johnson apart from the people around him?’ — shadow home secretary Diane Abbott (pictured)

Thought for the day

‘Take only memories, leave only footprints’ — Native American proverb