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On this day: August 1

Today’s birthdays

Professor Laurie Taylor, sociologist, 83

Robert Cray, blues musician, 66

Chuck D, rapper, 59

Coolio, rapper/actor, 56

Mark Wright, former footballer and manager, 56

Sam Mendes (pictured), film and theatre director, 54

David James, former footballer, 49

Nwankwo Kanu, former footballer, 43

It happened today…

1714: Queen Anne, the last Stuart sovereign, died aged 49, to be succeeded by George I under the Act of Settlement of 1701.

1778: The first savings bank opened in Hamburg.

1798: The Battle of the Nile saw Nelson beat the French fleet at Aboukir Bay.

1831: New London Bridge was opened by King William IV. It was sold to an American in 1968 and rebuilt in Arizona, US.

1834: Slavery was abolished in all British dominions.

1873: The Clay Street Hill Railroad, San Francisco‘s cable-powered street car system, began running.

1903: Martha Jane Cannary, better known as frontierswoman Calamity Jane, died near Deadwood, Dakota, US. Her final request was to be buried next to Wild Bill Hickok.

1932: The first Mars bar, made in Slough, went on sale.

1945: Record request programme Family Favourites began on the BBC.

2012: Olympic rowers Helen Glover and Heather Stanning claimed Team GB’s first gold medal of London 2012.

Quote of the day

‘If the UK does not leave on October 31, the Conservatives will be annihilated in any subsequent general election’ — Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage (above)

Thought for the day

‘Love of nature is a common language that can transcend political or social boundaries’ — 39th US president Jimmy Carter